This week's theme is "Service."
Alexander J. Kienlen, my Great Great Grandfather, did not serve in the Civil War, but he did provide a "service" to the troops. In fact, he was arrested for it!
You see, Alex owned a saloon, and he served alcohol to the soldiers. That was strictly against orders, and he was arrested by the Provost Marshal (the head of the military police) in St. Louis.
He didn't serve any time for this. Instead, he had to agree not to serve alcohol to soldiers. If he did, he would be required to pay $1000. The bond was also signed by his brother-in-law, James A. Billings. James was an attorney, and he would be responsible for the payment if Alex broke the terms of the bond and could not pay.
The bond reads:
Bond $1000 April 17th 1864 Kienlen Alex. J. St. Louis Co. Mo. Securities J. A. Billings Alex J. Kienlen Bond on Saloon
Know all men by these presents That I Alex. J. Kienlen of the City of Saint Louis Mo. As principal and J.A. Billings as sureties are held and firmly bound with the United States of America in the sum of one Thousand dollars for the payment of which well and truly to be made we hereby bind ourselves, our heirs, and assigns firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals and dated this 17th day of April AD 1864. The condition of the above obligation is such that, whereas the above bounden Alexr. J. Keinlen has been arrested on a charge of selling liquor to the enlisted men in the service of the United States in direct violation of published orders and is released upon this bond. Now if the said Alexr. J. Kienlen Shall well and truly respect said orders by refusing to sell give or in any manner dispose of beer wine or spiritous liquors to Soldiers in the Service of the United States or harbor drunken Soldiers about his premises then this to be null & void, otherwise to remain in full force & effect. [signed] Alex J. Kienlen [signed] J. A. Billings [My note: This is the brother-in-law of Alex.] Signed & delivered in Presence of W. Mc Micken Capt. & Asst. Pro. Mar. St. Louis Mo. Alex was also a deputy marshal in St. Louis, if not at this time, then just a few years later. He is mentioned in many newspaper articles. He would transport criminals to St. Louis to stand trial, and assisted with executions. I like to think of him as kind of a tough guy - a bit of a rebel even when enforcing the law.
But more on that another day.